Celebrations Today – October 13
Holidays and observances
- Azerbaijani Railway Day (Azerbaijan)
- Christian feast day:
- Doi taikomatsuri October 13-15 (Shikokuchūō, Ehime, Japan)
- International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction (international)
- National Police Day (Thailand)
- Rwagasore Day (Burundi)
Celebrations Today – USA: October 13
National Train Your Brain Day
National Yorkshire Pudding Day
National No Bra Day
International Day for Disaster Reduction
International Day for Failure
International Plain Language Day
International Suit Up Day
National Metastatic Breast Cancer Awareness Day
National Silly Sayings Day
National The US Navy’s Birthday
Today in US History: October 13
Cornerstone of the White House Laid
I pray Heaven to bestow the best of Blessings on this House and all that shall hereafter inhabit it. May none but honest and wise men ever rule under this roof.Letter from President John Adams to First Lady Abigail Adams,
November 2, 1800.
The cornerstone of the White House was laid on October 13, 1792. In a proclamation issued on January 24, 1791, President George Washington announced the permanent location of the new capital, an area of land at the confluence of the Potomac and Eastern Branch (Anacostia) rivers that would eventually become the Distrcit of Columbia. Washington and Charles L’Enfant, the French planner of the federal city, chose the site for the residence.
Congress had selected a design by James Hoban, an Irish emigrant architect living in Charleston, South Carolina, for the structure. Modeled after Leister House in Dublin, Ireland, Hoban’s plan featured the Palladian style popular in Europe. It was chosen over several other proposals including one submitted by Thomas Jefferson. President John Adams and his wife Abigail moved into the unfinished structure on November 1, 1800, keeping to the scheduled relocation of the capital from Philadelphia.
Constructed of white-gray sandstone that contrasted sharply with the red brick used in nearby buildings, the President’s House, also known as the Executive Mansion, was called the White House as early as 1812. President Theodore Roosevelt officially adopted the term in 1901.
The next major expansion of the executive mansion took place during Theodore Roosevelt’s presidency when second-floor rooms were converted from offices into living quarters for the president’s family. The West Wing was also built during this period to house the expanding presidential staff. For over six months in 1927, President and Mrs. Calvin Coolidge lived in nearby Dupont Circle while the White House was renovated and the roof raised and replaced. During the Truman years, the structure of the building was reinforced with steel beams.
Learn more about the White House:
- Visit the White House online.
- Visit the White House Historical Society to learn more about the history of the White House.
- Locate additional photographs of the executive mansion by searching the American Memory pictorial collections on White House. To view examples of the architectural style used in the White House, search on Palladian. More material on American architecture and design is available in the following collections:
- American Landscape and Architectural Design, 1850-1920: a Study Collection from the Harvard Graduate School of Design
- Architecture and Interior Design for 20th Century America: Photographs by Samuel Gottscho and William Schleisner, 1935-1955
- Built in America: Historic American Buildings Survey/Historic American Engineering Record, 1933-Present
- Search the Today in History Archive on president to learn more about illustrious White House residents including James Monroe, James Polk, and Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
- To view additional images of the White House search the following collections on White House:
- Search Prosperity and Thrift: The Coolidge Era and the Consumer Economy, 1921-1929 on White House to view images of the executive mansion during the Coolidge years.
Today in History – October 13-External Links
Today’s Weather in History
Today in Earthquake History
This Day in Naval History
Today’s Document from the National Archives
Today’s Events, Births & Deaths –Wikipedia
Today in History by AP
On this Day -1950 to 2005 – Today’s Story–BBC
On This Day: The New York Times
This Day in History –History.com
Today in Canadian History – Canada Channel
History of Britain that took place On This Day
Russia in History –Russiapedia