History & Celebrations Today – July 16

Celebrations Today – July 16

Holidays and observances

Celebrations Today – USA: July 16

National Corn Fritters Day
National Personal Chef’s Day
National Ice Cream Day – Third Sunday in July
National Corn Fritter Day
National Fresh Spinach Day
National Personal Chef Day

Today in US History: July 16

Let Us Now Praise Famous Men

Walker Evans
Walker Evans,
Edwin Locke, photographer,
February 1937.
America from the Great Depression to World War II: Photographs from the FSA and OWI, ca. 1935-1945

On July 16, 1936, photographer Walker Evans (1903-75) took a leave of absence from the Farm Security Administration (FSA) to accept a summer assignment with Fortune magazine. Evans, who had begun working as a photographer in 1928, had developed a modest reputation by the time that he was hired in October 1935 by Roy Stryker, then leader of the FSA photographic section. Stryker agreed to grant him leave for the magazine assignment on the condition that his photographs remained government property.

Washstand in the Dog Run and Kitchen of Floyd Burroughs' Cabin.
Washstand in the dog run and kitchen of Floyd Burroughs’ cabin,
Hale County, Alabama,
Walker Evans, photographer,
circa 1935-1936.
America from the Great Depression to World War II: Photographs from the FSA and OWI, ca. 1935-1945

Evans and the writer James Agee spent several weeks among sharecropper families in Hale County, Alabama. The article they produced documented in words and images the lives of poor Southern farmers afflicted by the Great Depression; their work, however, did not meet Fortune‘s expectations and was rejected for publication.

Evans’ desire to produce photographs that were “pure record not propaganda” did not harmonize with Stryker’s emphasis on the use of the image to promote social activism. Soon after the Alabama series was completed, Evans returned to New York. There Evans and Agee reworked their material and searched for another publisher. In 1941, the expanded version of their story was published in book form as Let Us Now Praise Famous Men, now recognized as a masterpiece of the art of photojournalism.

Walker Evans went on to exhibit and publish his work (he was a staff photographer at Fortune, 1945-65) and to teach at the Yale University School of Art and Architecture. James Agee became one of America’s most influential film critics as well as a poet, novelist, and screenwriter. James Agee died in 1955; Walker Evans died in 1975.

Hale County, Alabama

Floyd Burroughs...Hale County, Alabama. 1935 or 1936. Photographer: Walker Evans
Floyd Burroughs, cotton sharecropper, Hale County, Alabama

Bud Fields and his family...Alabama. 1935 or 1936.
Sharecropper Bud Fields and his family at home, Hale County, Alabama
Walker Evans, photographer,
circa 1935-1936.
America from the Great Depression to World War II: Photographs from the FSA and OWI, ca. 1935-1945

A Capital City

Panoramic View of Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C. views. Panoramic View of Washington, including U.S Capitol,
Theodor Horydczak, photographer,
circa 1920-1950.
Washington as It Was: Photographs by Theodor Horydczak, 1923-1959

On July 16, 1790, the Residence Act, which stipulated that the president select a site on the Potomac River as the permanent capital of the United States following a ten-year temporary residence in Philadelphia, was signed into law. In a proclamation issued on January 24, 1791, President George Washington announced the permanent location of the new capital, an area of land at the confluence of the Potomac and Eastern Branch (Anacostia) rivers that would eventually become the District of Columbia. Soon after, Washington commissioned French engineer Pierre-Charles L’Enfant to create a plan for the city.

L'Enfant's Plan for Washington
Plan of the City Intended for the Permanent Seat of the Government,
by Pierre Charles L’Enfant,
Manuscript map on paper, 1791.
American Treasures of the Library of Congress

L’Enfant arrived in Georgetown on March 9, 1791, and submitted his report and plan to the president in August. It is believed that this plan is the one preserved in the Library of Congress.

L’Enfant’s plan was greatly influenced by the traditions of Baroque landscape architecture and his projections of a future city population of 800,000. Its scheme of broad radiating avenues connecting significant focal points, its open spaces, and its grid pattern of streets oriented north, south, east, and west is still the gold standard against which all modern land use proposals for the Nation’s capital are considered.

The glorious vistas and dramatic landscape of today’s Washington are a result of L’Enfant’s careful planning. From the steps of the U.S. Capitol one can gaze down the mall to the Washington Monument and on to the Lincoln Memorial.

Today in History – July 16-External Links

Today’s Weather in History
Today in Earthquake History
This Day in Naval History
Today’s Document from the National Archives
Today’s Events, Births & Deaths –Wikipedia
Today in History by AP
On this Day -1950 to 2005 – Today’s Story–BBC
On This Day: The New York Times
This Day in History –History.com
Today in Canadian History – Canada Channel
History of Britain that took place On This Day
Russia in History –Russiapedia