History & Celebrations Today – October 9

Celebrations Today – October 9

Holidays and observances

Celebrations Today – USA: October 9

National Leif Erikson Day
National Pro-Life Cupcake Day
National Moldy Cheese Day
National Chess Day
National Online Bank Day* – Second Monday in October
National Kick Butt Day – Second Monday in October
Native American Day – Second Monday in October
Columbus Day  – Second Monday in October
National Curious Events Day
National Fire Prevention Day
International Beer and Pizza Day
National Sneakers Day
National Nautilus Night
National Submarine-Hoagie-Hero-Grinder Day
World Post Day

Today in US History: October 9

Yale University

exterior of a building
Osborn Hall, Yale University, New Haven, Conn.,
[between 1900 and 1915].
Touring Turn-of-the Century America: Photographs from the Detroit Publishing Company, 1880-1920

On October 9, 1701, the colonial legislature of Connecticut chartered the Collegiate School in Saybrook to educate students for “Publick employment both in Church & Civil State.” Originally based at the house of the first rector in Killingworth, the school moved to New Haven in 1716, and in 1718 was renamed Yale College to honor its early benefactor, the merchant Elihu Yale.

Yale College
Phelps Hall, Yale College,
New Haven, Connecticut, 1901.
Touring Turn-of-the-Century America: Photographs from the Detroit Publishing Company, 1880-1920

Yale graduates were influential in the American Revolution. Lyman Hall, Philip Livingston, Lewis Morris, and Oliver Wolcott signed the Declaration of Independence. Twenty-five Yale men served in the Continental Congress and the patriots Nathan Hale and Noah Webster also were among its graduates.

Yale evolved into a university in the late 1700s to mid-1800s when its original liberal arts curriculum expanded to include graduate and professional education. Among Yale’s most prestigious schools are those of divinity, medicine, law, and art. The first doctoral degrees earned in the United States were awarded by the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences in 1861.

In 1832, the Yale University Art Gallery became the first American college art museum. Built with funds from the Connecticut legislature, the gallery housed a series of American Revolutionary War paintings donated by Colonel John Trumbull. Also associated with Yale are the Yale Center for British Art, the Peabody Museum of Natural History, and Yale University Press, one of the nation’s most distinguished university publishing houses.

Yale Society Two-Step
Yale Society Two-Step
music by Charles L. Van Baar, 1894.
Historic American Sheet Music, 1850-1920

Yale has had other notable nineteenth-century firsts. These include the first collegiate rowing races, held in 1843, and the first intercollegiate game of modern baseball in 1865. In 1861 Yale became the first U.S. university to award a PhD in philosophy. The Yale Daily News, the oldest college daily newspaper, was founded in 1878.

Yale Varsity Crew
Yale Varsity Crew and Substitutes,
New Haven, Connecticut, 1910.
Taking the Long View, Panoramic Photographs, 1851-1991

Notable Yale graduates include: presidents William Howard Taft, Gerald Ford, George H. W. Bush, and Bill Clinton; inventor Samuel F. B. Morse; Dr. Benjamin Spock, and statesman John C. Calhoun.

In 1781, Yale University conferred the honorary degree of “Doctorate in Laws” on George Washington. Search on Yale in the collection George Washington Papers at the Library of Congress, 1741-1799 to view the correspondence of Ezra Stiles, president of the university, with George Washington.

Princeton and Yale Football Game
Princeton and Yale Football Game,
Thomas A. Edison, Inc., November 1903.
America at Work, America at Leisure: Motion Pictures from 1894-1915

Revisit Yale’s distinguished past through American Memory:

Today in History – October 9-External Links

Today’s Weather in History
Today in Earthquake History
This Day in Naval History
Today’s Document from the National Archives
Today’s Events, Births & Deaths –Wikipedia
Today in History by AP
On this Day -1950 to 2005 – Today’s Story–BBC
On This Day: The New York Times
This Day in History –History.com
Today in Canadian History – Canada Channel
History of Britain that took place On This Day
Russia in History –Russiapedia