Celebrations Today – December 13
Holidays and observances
- Acadian Remembrance Day (Acadians)
- Christian feast day:
- Lucy, and its related observances:
- National Day, celebrates the independence of Saint Lucia from United Kingdom in 1979.
- Saint Lucy’s Day (mainly Scandinavia, some regions of Italy (for example, Sicily, Veneto and Trentino), and Malta).
- Odile of Alsace
- December 13 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
- Lucy, and its related observances:
- Martial Law Victims Remembrance Day (Poland)
- Nanking Massacre Memorial Day (China)
- Nusantara Day (Indonesia)
- Republic Day (Malta)
- Sailor’s Day (Brazil)
Celebrations Today – USA: December 13
National Cocoa Day
National Violin Day
National Day Of The Horse (Senate Res. 452)
Pick A Pathologist Pal Day
National Ice Cream Day
Today in US History: December 13
It is, Sir, as I have said, a small college. And yet there are those who love it!Letter, Thomas Jefferson to William Plumer regarding the Dartmouth College Case, July 21, 1816.
Words and Deeds in American History: Selected Documents Celebrating the Manuscript Division’s First 100 Years
With these words, Daniel Webster concluded his successful defense of the inviolability of the royal charter of Dartmouth College, which was originally obtained on December 13, 1769.
Southworth & Hawes, photographer,
[between 1851 and 1860].
America’s First Look into the Camera: Daguerreotype Portraits and Views, 1839-1864
In his landmark Dartmouth College v. Woodward decision (1819), Chief Justice John Marshall (1755-1835) supported the inviolability of the charter as a contract and ruled that the college, under the charter, was a private and not a public entity. As such, the school was protected from the state’s regulatory power through the contract clause of the United States Constitution.
Dartmouth and Wentworth Halls, Dartmouth College,
Hanover, New Hampshire,
Touring Turn-of-the-Century America: Photographs from the Detroit Publishing Company, 1880-1920
The ninth oldest college in the United States, Dartmouth was founded when Reverend Eleazar Wheelock, a Congregationalist minister seeking to expand his school into a college, relocated his educational establishment from Connecticut to Hanover, in the royal Province of New Hampshire. Wheelock’s earlier school, the Moor’s Charity School, was primarily for the education of Native Americans. The Royal Governor John Wentworth provided the land upon Dartmouth was built and conveyed the charter from King George III to establish the college. Wheelock’s charter was to create a college for the “education and instruction of Youth of the Indian Tribes in this Land…and also of English Youth and any others.”
The college was named in honor of William Legge, the Earl of Dartmouth, a friend of Wentworth’s and an important benefactor. Salmon P. Chase and Robert Frost are among Dartmouth’s famous graduates.
Dartmouth’s first classes, consisting of just four students, were held in a single log hut in Hanover in 1770. As of 2007 there were approximately 4,100 undergraduates and 1,600 graduate students enrolled in the four-year, private, liberal arts college. The school has thirty-nine undergraduate academic departments and programs in the arts and sciences (as well as nineteen graduate programs). Dartmouth College is the home of the nation’s first professional school of engineering, the world’s first graduate school of management, and the nation’s fourth oldest medical school.
- Search across the American Memory collections on Dartmouth to find more materials such as a panoramic photograph showing the Earl of Dartmouth laying the corner stone of new building at Dartmouth College on October 26, 1904.
- Search on Dartmouth College in the Prints & Photographs Online Catalog for various images, which are primarily buildings.
- Also search on Dartmouth College in Built in America: Historic American Buildings Survey/Historic American Engineering Record, 1933-Present for more information on various buildings on the campus such as the Webster Cottage and Wentworth Hall.
- American Landscape and Architectural Design, 1850-1920: a Study Collection from the Harvard Graduate School of Design contains ten images of school buildings.
- Search on the term college in Touring Turn-of-the-Century America: Photographs from the Detroit Publishing Company, 1880-1920 collection for a wide variety of images, primarily of East Coast colleges.
- Search the Today in History Archive on the terms Howard, Columbia, Fisk, Princeton, University of Chicago, University of Iowa, Yale, Vassar, Cornell, or Georgetown for features on these institutions.
Today in History – December 13-External Links
Today’s Weather in History
Today in Earthquake History
This Day in Naval History
Today’s Document from the National Archives
Today’s Events, Births & Deaths –Wikipedia
Today in History by AP
On this Day -1950 to 2005 – Today’s Story–BBC
On This Day: The New York Times
This Day in History –History.com
Today in Canadian History – Canada Channel
History of Britain that took place On This Day
Russia in History –Russiapedia